Voting is the cornerstone of democracy. The freedom to choose who governs our nation comes from citizens exercising their rights after being duly elected or appointed into office. Voting has an impact on every aspect of life and affects everyone.
The right to vote for candidates in elections:
This is a basic human right, and it is one that everybody should be able to exercise without any discrimination. It is also a responsibility, because only if people are involved can they help shape decisions that affect them. As a citizen you have a duty to vote. If you do not want to do so, no one will force you, but your refusal to exercise this fundamental democratic right cannot go unpunished. You may be punished by the law. For example, in some countries, convicted criminals lose the right to vote. If you are under 18 years old, you must be accompanied by someone over 21 with voting rights (in some countries, parents are allowed).
In many places around the world, women and men are denied the right to vote regardless of how long they live there. Some countries impose restrictions as well. For instance, in Australia you need both registration and proof of address to vote while in New Zealand you need just registration.
How Elections Work?
Elections are held at different times depending on the country you are voting in.. They can take place in parliamentary systems, where parliament makes laws and chooses the government; presidential republics, where governments come and go; direct democracies, where voters choose public officials directly; semi-presidential regimes, where presidents and prime ministers share power; multi-party systems, where several parties compete; single non-partisan system, where all parties participate in a single election, etc. Voters usually decide whether there is going to be an election or what kind of election will happen. When and why an election takes place depends upon the specific political circumstances and history of each country.
In most cases, an election is triggered when the current leader wishes to step down, resign, pass away, or he wants to give up his seat in parliament to make way for another candidate. There might be other reasons too. For instance, a change in the Constitution or some other law could trigger an election.
Electoral System Types
There are three main types of electoral systems. First, proportional representation involves electing representatives based on the percentage of votes received rather than seats won. in Europe they use this. Second, majoritarian requires winners receive more than 50% of the total votes cast. Third, first past the post allows the majority party to win or lose the entire constituency?
It is the most common type of electoral system. Proportionality refers to the fact that a minority’s views count equally as much as those of the majority. It ensures that minorities and majorities get their fair share of seats in the legislature. The system works best when the number of seats in the legislative body corresponds roughly to the proportion of votes received. Each vote receives equal weight. Proportional representation is usually applied to a two-tier system giving smaller constituencies less influence than larger ones. Electoral systems using proportional representation tend to feature open lists. These allow anyone to stand for election—no nomination procedure required. An example of a proportional representative system is Germany’s Bundestag elections.
Majority rule means a winner needs more than half the votes. It is often used in small, simple states like California and Minnesota. A popular misconception about this system is that the party with the most votes wins. This is false since candidates who do not reach the majority threshold are eliminated from the race. For example, in the U.S. state of Maine, if one candidate has 43 percent of the vote and another 27 percent, then the latter gets elected. In a general election, the party with the most popular votes can gain control of the government.
This is a great explanation of how electoral systems work! I think this is an educational article for people that are interested in politics and learning how elections work. Please check the article was very informative and if you liked how it explained different types of electoral system.